Whether it’s a natural disaster or a man-made emergency, being prepared at all times with the necessary essentials on hand ensures that you will be better equipped to survive a crisis until emergency personnel arrive. In order to be properly prepared, a home emergency kit is a must-have in all homes and should be well stocked at all times to meet the needs of every family member. According to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, everyone should have a Ready Plan in the event of a crisis or major catastrophe. The plan should include a home emergency kit and a family communications strategy. A basic home emergency kit should meet the necessary needs for survival, which are fresh water, food, warmth and clean air. When putting together a home emergency kit, you can store all the supplies in a storage container, a backpack for each family member, or a box. But whatever you choose to use, be sure it’s sturdy and mobile in case you need to evacuate your home. A home emergency kit should have enough supplies to provide for you and your family for several days. For water, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security recommends one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days for drinking and sanitation purposes.
Other essential items in a home emergency kit are a flashlight with extra batteries; a rescue signal, such as a whistle; a battery powered radio; a battery powered NOAA weather radio with tone alert; extra batteries for the radios; pliers or a wrench in case utilities need to be turned off; a dust mask in the event of contaminated air; moist towelettes for personal sanitation; paper towels; paper supplies, like cups, plates and tissue; plastic utensils; garbage bags; matches or a fire starter kit; and local maps.
There are many advantages of freeze dried food, and they’ve come a long way from 30 years ago when it was first introduced for the astronauts and for backpackers. In fact, today’s freeze dried foods have all of the flavor, texture, and vitamins and nutrients of canned or other types of frozen food. In fact, there are going to be certain types of freeze-dried food that is actually better than frozen as a keeps its flavor and vital nutrients. This means that you can keep freeze-dried food for a very long period of time. Another of the advantages you’ll have is the weight, you’ll have to have very good supporting shelves for canned food whereas freeze-dried food on the other hand is relatively small and takes up less space and doesn’t need the support.
Many hobby exercise individuals such as those that do backpacking, bicycling and camping enjoy lightweight of freeze-dried food as well. They have found that they can pack more food for a longer period of time if they use freeze-dried food than if they try to pack traditional food. They then will just have to have a water source in order to reconstitute the food into a fully nutritious meal. Many people store it for emergency conditions. They will store in a bunker or other type of safe area that they will need should there ever be an earthquake or other natural disaster. Of course, there are those who figure that sooner or later war will tear our country apart and store freeze-dried food as well. Dehydrated food is created by subjecting food to heat. Typically this means sun drying or air drying in a hot temperature. It is sometimes used in home storage supplies because of its long shelf life, but is most often used for daily cooking and snacking. For example, people love to much on dried fruit and they love to cook with things like sun dried tomatoes. Dehydrated meals are however often used by backpackers because they are super lightweight, compact, and inexpensive.
The freeze and drying process for freeze-dried food as changed as well, now, they use a drying, heated and freezing process. The food is first frozen, it is then put it into a low pressure chamber where it is heated in order to allow the water to become a gas. It is then frozen again, and this allows pockets within the food that allows the expansion when it’s rehydrate. There are many advantages to freeze-dried food, and one of the best, of course, is the taste is so much better than what was originally produced over 30 years ago. The freezing and drying process is quicker, maintains better flavor, and actually keeps vitamins and nutrients intact.
The thought of creating a disaster preparedness plan with your family can seem like a daunting task. Too many people overlook the necessity of being ready for anything. Whether it is a natural disaster, loss of work or some other monumental reason for using your emergency storage supplies, you must be ready. When beginning the task, it really becomes apparent how many things we utilize every day that we take for granted. From toilet paper to macaroni and everything in between, it’s hard to imagine having enough in case of a disaster. There are tools and supplies every person prepared for a disaster should have. How do you begin the overwhelming process of creating a disaster preparedness plan? The first thing you should do is create a checklist of essentials for every member of your family. This list should include everything from toilet paper, blankets, firewood and clothing to food and water. When putting food on the list, remember that everything that will last during a disaster should be nonperishable or even dehydrated foods.
Once you create the list, start the process of purchasing items. Set aside a reasonable amount every month, perhaps $100, and begin making purchases: emergency blankets, bulk stores of toilet paper, bundles of firewood, warm clothing and dehydrated food products. Foods like eggs, butter and milk can even be purchased dried and packaged in storage containers. When deciding what things to purchase first for your disaster preparedness plan, consider what you use the most. If your family eats macaroni and cheese four days a week, buy large packages in bulk to cut down on costs. Secondhand stores are great sources for finding inexpensive clothing items like heavy coats, shoes and sweaters.
Another item that should be at the top of your list of things to purchase is a water purifier, obviously something non-electric. Emergency preparedness stores also carry large barrels of clean water. These take up a lot of space, but if there is no water around to purify, you will have a store of fresh water available to drink. Many people have not even considered the level of attention everyone should give to having a disaster preparedness plan. You and your family can rest safely with the knowledge that you are prepared for almost anything that could happen. Obtain your storage items, tools and supplies today to provide safety for your family tomorrow.